International Society For Minimally Invasive Cardiothoracic Surgery

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The Role Of The Axillary Impella 5.0 Device On Patients With Acute Cardiogenic Shock
Saeed Tarabichi, David Adekanye, Aziz Ghaly, Hirohisa Ikegami, Leonard Y. Lee, Anthony Lemaire.
Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.

Background: Acute cardiogenic shock is associated with high mortality rates. The Impella device is a microaxial left ventricular assist device that can be inserted through the axillary artery. The purpose of our study is to determine the role of the Axillary Impella devices on patients with acute cardiogenic shock. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted to identify patients who underwent Axillary Impella device placement for acute cardiogenic shock from January 1st 2014 to September 30th 2018 at a single institution. In-patient records were examined to determine duration of device, length of stay (LOS), postoperative complications, and 30-day in-hospital mortality. Results: A total of 40 patients, who were primarily men (N=29) with a mean age of 61.210.7 years old, underwent Axillary Impella placement for cardiogenic shock. The primary reasons for implant were (1) required upgraded support from an Impella CP or intra-aortic balloon pump (iabp) to Impella 5.0, (2) to treat left ventricular (LV) distention for patients on extracorporeal mechanical oxygenation (ECMO), and (3) to provide longer term support and allow for mobilization of the patients. Twenty-three of the patients had previous devices already in place including a Femoral Impella CP device or an iabp and 9 patients were on ECMO support. The duration of the device was 21.0517 days with the LOS of 40.8 28 days for those patients. Seventeen of the patients went on to additional surgery including (1) Heartmate 3 device placement (N=6), (2) other cardiac procedures such as surgical revascularization (N=9), and orthotopic heart transplantation (N=2). A total of 21 patients of the 40 (52%) died during their hospitalization with 7 patients (17%) having complications related to the Impella device. These complications included right arm ischemia or neuropathy (N=3) and Impella malfunction requiring device replacement (N=4). The majority of these devices were placed in the right axillary artery (N=38) versus the left axillary artery (N=2). Conclusions: A total of 58% (N=23) of the study patients had previous mechanical support and 23% (N=9) were on ECMO demonstrating the severity of disease and accounting for the high mortality. The Axillary Impella device allows for a minimally invasively placed device that is durable with a mean duration of 3 weeks. The Axillary artery Impella 5.0 provides upgraded full cardiac support while allowing for mobilization of the patient. In addition, it treats LV distention in patients on ECMO while avoiding sternotomy. Finally, the Axillary Impella provides time for decision making for additional therapy with either long-term devices or orthotopic heart transplant.

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