Early Outcome Of Frozen Elephant Trunk Procedures As Redo Operation
Christian Detter, Till Demal, Lenard Bax, Jens Brickwedel, Hermann Reichenspurner.
University Heart Center Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.
Background The frozen elephant trunk (FET) procedure is a treatment of patients with extensive thoracic aortic disease. Despite modern cerebral perfusion strategies, due to the complex surgical technique early mortality rates are high ranging from 6.4% to 15.8%. As patients with DeBakey Type I dissections are primarily treated with non-stented grafts in many centers, subsequent redo operations due to residual dissections are frequently necessary. Therefore, we sought to identify prevalence and outcome of patients undergoing FET procedures as redo operation. Methods 100 consecutive patients who underwent FET surgery between October 2010 and November 2018 at our center were registered in a dedicated database and retrospectively analyzed. Clinical and follow-up characteristics were compared between patients undergoing FET as primary (primary group) or redo procedure (redo group). Results 24.0% (n=24) of the procedures were redo operations (redo group). Patients in the redo group were significantly younger when compared to patients receiving primary surgery (66.2±11.6 years vs. 54.6±12.1; p<0.001). The EuroScore II did not significantly differ between groups (primary group: 14.0±13.6; redo group: 10.0±9.4; p=0.32). Patients of the redo group suffered from genetic aortic syndrome (GAS) more frequently (5.7% (n=4) vs. 54.2% (n=13); p<0.0001). There was no significant difference in occurrence of postoperative acute kidney failure (primary group: 17.1% (n=13); redo group: 8.3% (n=2); p=0.4), recurrence nerve palsy (primary group: 10.5% (n=8); redo group: 29.2% (n=7); p=0.06), paraparesis (primary group: 2.6% (n=2); redo group: 0.0% (n=0); p=1.00), transient neurological deficit (primary group: 2.6% (n=2); redo group: 0.0% (n=0); p=1.00), and postoperative stroke (primary group: 11.8% (n=9); redo group: 4.1% (n=1); p=0.44). Although not statistically significant, the 30-day mortality rate was three times lower in the redo group (14.4% (n=11) vs. 4.1% (n=1); p=0.28). The one case of death after redo surgery occurred on p.o. day 18 due to acute pancreatitis after an uneventful postoperative period, which was unrelated to the surgical technique. Conclusions Treatment of residual aortic arch dissections with FET procedures performed as redo operation appears feasible and safe with low mortality and stroke rates. Redo FET procedures are mainly performed in relatively young patients frequently suffering from GAS.
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